Recent discoveries in physics have motivated a re-examination of theoretical models. The idea is emerging that some major paradigm shift is needed in order to reconcile current understanding with incoming data. This treatise offers a fresh view of reality, delineating a matrix into which the traditional paradigm itself fits.
Expanding matrix theory (EMT) is a simplified theory of dynamics with a more classical approach to reality than quantum theory (although this may be hard to discern at first). Cosmology looks at the universe using modern technical tools as extensions of our senses. These are filtered with Newton’s classical theory and Einstein’s theory of general relativity (see: physical cosmology). Expanding matrix theory supplants neither theory but describes the invisible matrix upon which these worlds exist. It describes reality as appearing out of a matrix, the way a radio station is tuned in out of a random array of electromagnetic frequencies. In this analogy however, the array is inverted and there is only one frequency, which the surface of all matter is tuned to, making it mutually visible and hence real. This frequency is a merging zone of probabilities.
If one can hold on to the idea that everything in our (finite) universe…the space included, is made of the same substance but that what we perceive as the material part of our reality exists only because of the alignment of the surrounding energy in the invisible matrix, they will have grasped the fundamentals of expanding matrix theory.
The very idea of our reality actuality being an expanding matrix may seem far-fetched not only to non-physicists but it did to physicists. Albert Einstein himself rejected an even milder expansion that his own calculations had anticipated until Edwin Hubble demonstrated he had in fact been correct. Albert called rejection of his own results his “biggest blunder”. Tied to this problem is the quantum view of apparent and actual vacuum energy (which also touch on gravity). “Depending on the Planck energy cutoff and other factors, the discrepancy is as high as 120 orders of magnitude, a state of affairs described by physicists as “the largest discrepancy between theory and experiment in all of science” and “the worst theoretical prediction in the history of physics.”” To appreciate the discrepancy…120 orders of magnitude is a “10” with 120 zeros after it. (Wikipedia, see: Cosmological Constant).
A side point is that part of our sense of reality resides within our physiology. Most of us know for example that the world around us is not colored, but that our brain translates a certain band of electromagnetic wavelengths into what we perceive as color. Likewise, our internal sense of reality seems to freeze the expansion or at least slow it down, in order to create a frame of reference. A part of our brain physiology seems dedicated to creating and preserving these frames of reference. We seem to have a center in our brain that amplifies our sense of space. One can imagine the difficulty in looking past a phenomenon if our own brain has a built in propensity to accept something a certain way. We can have no idea what built-in spatial functions in our brain might add to smooth spatial transitions as we navigate reality nor how we can be deceived when we try to analyze it. We can surmise that people who lack such centers would appear handicapped, as does a color-blind person.
Einstein for example theorized that the gravitational field expands away from any mass at the velocity of light. If a field has mass then this would mean that mass is always shedding away from matter the way that the sun sheds mass as it emits light. No one has any idea what this means in terms of conventional physics under an assumption of a static reality described by a field of reference.
One must ask the question; does a field have mass? If so does it represent a lot of mass or energy? In fact, what is mass?
The term field has a magical quality in its various manifestations. In quantum physics, the field is recognized as the unseen reality of each sub-atomic particle. In other words they “are the actuality”. The field is in fact used as a depository for many unknown aspects of physics.
Conversely though, whereas quantum theory divides everything into separate entities, in EMT, the field and everything else is a continuum of the same energy that appears different depending on one’s point of observation and/or scale. It is similar to the concept of a unified field theory except that even the field would be considered as part of the same continuum. Instead of a field theory, a better description might be a layer theory. If one views the page entitled “WMAP Readings and EMT”, the mathematical similarity to the discoveries of dark matter and dark energy and measurements of the three forms of matter described therein, one could see how the reasoning unfolds. Dark energy and dark matter are described as part of the continuum.
The field or spacetime is expanding as Einstein said…at the speed of light but so is everything else within the field so that the speed of light takes on a different meaning.
We tend to think of the space around us as nothing or at least very soft. This becomes an issue when one considers gyroscopes. I’ve heard the statement that spacetime is 2000 times more rigid than steel. Einstein and many other physicists and mathematicians have looked at this subject and seem to be in agreement. This has never been an issue to date with EMT but I see no discrepancy with the concept. EMT sees everything as being made and caused by energy in the form of motion. Most of us have seen videos of a tornado that looks like a giant tube moving around and sucking up dirt and material. It is amazing how to an outside observer it retains its form and appears to have solid walls. However to a person moving in the column, it is just a stiff breeze. A worst danger might be gravity or flying objects. The assertion here is that it is the movement of the space-field that gives its rigidity not any static quality.
The Guiding Premises
The progress of EMT was guided by the development of several axioms. Each axiom was compared with the others to see if they all coincided. If any didn’t, they were disregarded no matter how sanctioned they may have been. The first task was to decide which dynamic manifestation was the most probable. The response was “repulsion” requiring that “attraction”, including gravity, be disregarded as an absolute identity for energy. This lead to another guiding precept that roughly stated: “IF EVERYTHING HAS COME INTO EXISTENCE”…then…“COMING INTO EXISTENCE IS PROBABLY THE COSMIC PRIME DIRECTIVE”. The result being that the theory has not had to zigzag its way to a reasonable body of conclusions. This fact by itself creates confidence in its conclusions.
The traditional paradigm is that of a quantum world embedded within a 3-dimensional matrix (+ time). We observe this reality via frames of reference which are mediated by our senses and minds. By contrast, the perception listed here is slightly different in describing our reality; as related to the three elements that we directly perceive with our senses; material volume, material surface and empty space, all comprised of the same energy but made to appear different by of our location in an expanding matrix. They are shown to be part of a dynamic, 10-dimensional matrix with gradients within each dimension growing at their own distinct rates (see: WMAP). These gradients all have one interrelationship “before and after”. This imposes a simple physical time from which our real times emerge.
Models of the energy hierarchies as described herein should be considered as ideals of pure, unobstructed (pre-quantum) energy. The assumption being that all energy settles naturally into the patterns described here. By contrast, the quantum system might be seen as a dam-like device that slows and diverts the energy into specific holding patterns (which result in various states and forms of energy or matter), that in turn flow towards states of low energy or entropy. This accounts for the swirling geometry observed from galactic scales down to sub-atomic scales which we see when we observe water swirling down a drain. These patterns in turn aggregate to form our reality.
If there is anything that might make EMT particularly difficult to grasp is the fact that it is a macro theory, as opposed to a micro theory. With a micro theory, one can build their understanding from the bottom up and hook the pieces of knowledge together like a jigsaw puzzle to create a picture. With a theory such as EMT, one must understand the macro picture in order to understand the detail. One can compare it to analyzing a concert performed by a symphony orchestra. The quantum comparison would be seen as a methodology of cutting little pieces off all the instruments and examining them under a microscope. This might of course give a precise understanding as to the static, material makeup of the ensemble of elements…but could one gain a deep understanding of what is happening at our common level of reality when we are enjoying a performance by the orchestra? EMT concerns itself with reality as a macroscopic symphony of interconnected effects as opposed to a construct of separate building blocks. In the final analysis though, once the fusion is made from the macro system to the micro system, I believe quantum theory will become a much more powerful tool.
An additional stumbling block seems to be that of inertial mass and gravitational mass when posed within the concept of the expansion. In order to appreciate why this is not a problem within the framework of the theory, one should see that two elements mediate this issue. One is that the energy geometry is functioning within a non-ether space, or one could say a “non-physical space”, in that the natural hierarchy of the expansion is with the energy building up a greater potential towards the periphery of the total-field than inwards. This conflicts with our view of energy at reality where we experience a degradation of radiation as it proceeds in time, however both views reconcile when examined within the context of an expanding matrix. The inner part of a given field is in a broad sense, what we interpret as mass, because that is where the lowest energy gradient is found. The energy outwards in what we would call the field-space, applies pressure inwards (as well as outwards) imparting what at the quantum level, would be interpreted as fusion. This is why the gravitational field is so weak compared to the electromagnetic but extends inversely to a greater distance. The second is that primordial energy, from which everything is composed, has no innate mass, because its fundamental nature is to move at the velocity of light. However it does produce recoil with energy like itself. (Part of) the gravitational effect is created by a tension between higher energy gradients in the outer fields with the lower gradients in the inner regions of the fields. This will be treated with more detail as the writing proceeds.
Fundamentals of EMT
Albert Einstein said that the biggest blunder of his life was deliberately inserting an error into his own theory to fix what he perceived to be an unacceptable instability. This fix is referred to as the Cosmological Constant. He faced the same dilemma that physicists now face today. A desire for an enduring, stable universe moved him to override what his reasoning and logic were telling him. The expanding universe represents a similar juncture that may impose a new level of insecurity and counter-intuitiveness on man’s sense of reality. Reality is a set of conditions in the physical world around us that combined with our own minds, make us feel as though we live in a universe where we have a stable frame of reference. Expanding matrix theory presupposes that the energy (as baryon matter) within our universe is only the tip of the iceberg (about 4% of the current measured total). However according to EMT, even the total from which that quantity is derived (100%), is a tiny percentage of the greater matrix driving the expansion. If the reader finds himself experiencing the same feelings of uneasiness or incredulity evoked within Einstein by his own logical conclusions, I beg you to look at facts and history. There is much data evincing the likelihood that this expansion view is correct. Many of these have been forgotten because they have been hidden from view by legerdemain; mathematical techniques developed to help science keep moving forward using what to them is an easy to work with, orthodox (static) view of reality. By making such anomalies less obvious, a condition has been created that inhibits recognition of viable solutions (if you as the reader is thinking “give me something quick that will convince me.”; I would recommend reading the section: Spatial Perspective and the Arrow of Time.
EMT also relies on an often forgotten axiom, that; physics depends on differences in potential…not absolute magnitude of potential. One subject certain to be introduced against the idea of an expanding matrix is the conservation principal. That principal was of course introduced prior to many of the recent discoveries in cosmology and was even then theoretically restricted to a closed system. With recent discoveries inferring that the acceleration itself is accelerating, all such assumptions have to be thrown out the window. It seems at best to hold true at quantum scales, according to a fixed local frame of reference. However, expanding on the axiom that; physics depends on differences in potential…not absolute magnitude of potential, to use the example of a un-grounded metal house charged to 10 million volts, it’s noteworthy that a resident would not notice the charge…his voltmeter would read zero. It’s only if one contact of his voltmeter is hooked to ground that he would read the 10 million volts (this is the same reason birds can perch on high tension wires without being electrocuted). Where is the rest of the energy when the resident’s voltmeter is not grounded? It doesn’t exist for him. It is a mysterious substance that he might not believe really exists. The expanding matrix is the same for us. We only become curious or suspicious by noticing evidence of mysteries around us.
How to Approach EMT
Expanding matrix theory is probably easier to understand if one suspends his opinions and preconceptions about the way he thinks the universe is strung together and settles on entertaining only pure logic based on an expanding energy paradigm. Because this is a macro theory, one may find it easiest to grasp by perusing the logic leading to the conclusion that we exist in an expanding matrix, revisiting that information starting with the points that are easiest to comprehend, then move outwards trying to comprehend what the sum total of all those lines of reasoning point to. “Abstracts” will be added as time permits. The section relating to the WMAP data should be compelling to anyone who has a modicum of skill with either geometry or exponential math. However, the most poignant and direct validation for EMT can be found with the explanation for visual perspective in “Spatial Perspective and the Arrow of Time” .
In its simplest form, expanding matrix theory is a geometric configuration of a primary and a secondary energy matrix, both expanding on a flat quasi-Euclidean space. This means we could say there are three entities we may call spaces. One quasi-Euclidean, non-physical space and two physical matrix-spaces that as transformation spaces, are part of the energy continuum. The second matrix-space would equate to our space-time and embodies the quality we identify as spatial perspective. The remaining space (which is the primary or absolute space) embodies no such concept. From our experience, we would hardly identify it as space. It is a truly infinite “nothing” and its only contribution to reality, is that it imposes no restrictions on the nature of energy. Such a flat space has been deduced from the WMAP data as a background upon which everything else exists.
Physicists are beginning to suspect that the relationship between the physical world and reality is emergent. That is to say; it is always coming into being. Expanding matrix theory depicts a upward fluctuating universe that constantly reappears with micro-oscillations of this energy. Reality then is the confluence of dynamical, changing elements that follow specific patterns in order to appear a specific way to us. Although the seeming capriciousness of such a system is at the heart of most people’s uneasiness, I believe that an expanding matrix embeds stability into the nature of reality that is more enduring than gravitation (as an attracting force) ever could. This is because energy at its most fundamental level does not have multiple identities, which must balance each other but only one…expansion, which results in momentum. This stability reaches to the point where EMT predicts that the energy forms referred to as Dark Energy and Dark Matter are the foundations of this stability. In the chapter Correspondence of WMAP Readings…tables 1 and 2 demonstrate how the values for dark energy and dark matter correspond to the missing exponents (dimensions) of energy expected to be found if the universe is actually an expanding matrix. The inference here is, that exterior energy (which is being interpreted as dark energy) is expanding faster than interior energy (matter). However everything is expanding proportionally over time, but near objects will appear stable, whereas the distance to galaxies produces a time lag that gives us the impression of stable matter moving apart in an accelerating universe. What is really happening in our reality is that the external field-space is expanding at an overall rate of y2 times that of the baryon matter which is also expanding. Meaning inversely that baryon matter is expanding the √, of the rate of the exterior fields. This proportion always remains the same over time, meaning everything stays proportional and stable, whereas with the time delay in the transference of information by light, this proportionality is not obvious and leads to the assumption of a chaotic expansion (acceleration).
A Clash of philosophies
Quantum theory emerged from the 20th century as the most predictable description of material physics. It has proven capable of unifying three of the four fundamental forces of nature, electromagnetism and the strong and weak nuclear forces. However it has proven incapable of incorporating the gravitational force within that fold. General relativity on the other hand gave a consistent description of the gravitational field. Quantum theory has revealed many intuitive ambiguities. It is a remarkably good accounting system that relies on a gradient of crispness between solid-matter and the field-space that matter exists within. Probability is then invoked to statistically validate uncertainties in such values. That is to say; probability is used as a buffer to mediate knowledge in an area where the crispness breaks down. From the point of view of expanding matrix theory, there is nothing wrong with this state of affairs. It’s to be expected. In expanding matrix theory though, energy of motion is not just an incidental part of reality but the most ubiquitous part of it, in fact it could be said; the only true part of it, everything else being a gradient. It may be discerned from this, that what is being stated is that energy is motion…period (dynamism. This of course has always been accepted, however in expanding matrix theory, it has a much more emphatic meaning. The interested reader could look at the energy-motion aspects of special relativity in order to discern how easily energy of motion can become occulted to observers.
Expanding matrix theory takes the stance that reality does not build upwards from quanta but the quantizing process happens downwards with the emergence of reality. This is orchestrated externally by all the connected energy in the immediate system. It then outlines a dynamic geometry that makes exactly the same energy on one hand appear to us as matter and on the other hand, appear space-like. As stated, the energy moves outwards into a true void like waves or ripples. Matter is asymmetrical packets or mini versions of everything. Everything solid is contained inside the surface membrane but the object is expanding like everything else is, however the same energy outwards of surface is moving away from the surface c (a constant of repulsion that interprets sometimes as the speed of light). Outwards is space-like to us because it is moving away. For example a bullet is much different going away from you, than towards you. The exact same value exists inwards but it is confined and interprets to us as a force that seems solid. When you read this last part, you’ll realize that the writer’s don’t like the word “repulsion”. The movement described in expanding matrix theory is an expansion (motion) but it acts as a repulsion the same a solidity mistakenly seems like repulsion.
EMT asserts that although there may be trillions of times more energy in the system, then can be physically measured, the only part we can measure, is that, which exists within a certain range of deficit, like a bubble rising up from a deep ocean. Our whole world exists in a narrow range of differentiated potentials within that bubble. The ocean represents the energy; the bubble represents a dent or deficit in that energy. The water in the ocean can be compared to the field space. Nothing can or does happen unless a differentiation in potential exists between the water and the bubble. In fact, for the purpose of this illustration; the mere existence of the bubble is proof of a differential. This massive ocean of energy however is not infinite. It in fact must be finite for our universe to exist. The chapter delineating “space” elaborates these issues in more detail. see: Space(s) and Time in EMT
The Observational Process
I remember one time standing in the parking lot of a shopping mall where I lived in the Province of Alberta, Canada. It was summer and people were concerned about tornado activity, so it was common to keep an eye on the clouds. This particular day, I looked straight up and there was an ominous spiraling, black cloud directly above me. I stood transfixed because I could see inside the swirling funnel, like the inverse of water going down a drain, except the clouds were swirling upwards. Then a funny thing happened; I went into a different thought mode…instead of seeing the swirls, the motion vectors became radial. That is to say, instead of swirling, the lines came down the outer walls of the tube and then swept upwards into the interior of the tube. This was so bizarre that I switched back to my previous thought mode and the swirls returned. I found that I could do this at will and when I did, the opposite configuration did not exist at all, even in a pale or wispy sense. The tornado funnel did not drop that day, but it left me with an enduring impression of the part our minds play in visual observation.
I mention the preceding to interject a side point as to how important I believe our minds are in analyzing physical processes. Much of our reality is in fact a creation of our physiology. For example; color as we know it doesn’t exist, except as a result of our individual nervous system functioning in conjunction with our brain. The suggestion arises via EMT that quantum reality may overlap the juncture of the two main analytical processes (dominated by our left and right cerebral cortices) governing how our minds analyze reality. Thus, some of the strange phenomenon encountered in quantum research may be the result of the fact that these two processes analyze the world in very different ways and where their functions overlap or omit, strange ambiguities appear. Also, analysis is sometimes conducted in such a way that time is replaced with distance in such simple tools as a drawing (which I find myself obligated to revert to here). To elucidate; if one is probing reality at its most fundamental level but uses distance-based methodologies (drawings) to account for time, isn’t there a risk that such might corrupt the results to the exclusion of time as a reality in favor of space?
Studies of the brain in recent decades have shown that we have a center in the region of our brain called the hippocampus, which shapes our concept of physical space, helping us to navigate and manipulate the physical world (see: Hippocampus & Entorhinal cortex). Although the inference from these studies is that what is happening is a mapping of physical space, I believe a deeper question might be asked in light of the conclusion from expanding matrix theory, that our sense of space is actually a function of time. This begs the question; that along with the mapping process going on within our brains, if it isn’t actually producing a sense of space that might not be there without it. These questions might make more sense after reading the sections on visual perspective (see; Spatial Perspective and the Arrow of Time and Visual Perspective and the Curving of Straight Lines). This is an intriguing thought because it means that half of the concept of space might reside within us, polishing and smoothing out what might otherwise be a crude, cumbersome place to navigate. Much like our eyesight supplies most of us with 3 sets of cones to enhance our vision of the world, giving us the impression that our world has color instead of black and white or gray. Does our brain supply us with an enhanced sense of space, which might exist differently without it?
Cases in point are those of “motion and time”. Time has been traditionally treated in quantum theory as if it were not a real entity, but as a relative state of all phenomena under observation. One can see how the preceding idea could be interjected into a system that relies on static mathematical language to describe itself. Because expanding matrix theory is a theory of dynamics, time is part of its construct. The fundamental time spoken of in EMT is before and after.
Questions arise regarding what motion might be, in that in quantum theory it is used via momentum, as a gradient of time. Time and momentum are in turn distilled down to a part of the physical inventory.
Expanding matrix theory presupposes that the actuality is an extremely dynamic condition, whereas a frame of reference is a state of observation that generates a slower or even static means for observing our surroundings. The actuality is made easier to navigate via frames of reference, which cut down on information overload. Other devices such as the natural laws of geometry, conditioning and sensing mechanisms, reinforce it.
The observer is a necessary participant in the physics of expanding matrix theory. Depending on our chosen method of observation, the same line can simultaneously appear either straight or curved (see; Curving of Straight Lines), an object can be at the same time; moving or stationary, depending entirely on our situation, how we choose to, or are forced to observe it. The only true physical absolute is the expanding matrix itself. All forces, matter, space and time derive from it but it is our mind that possesses its own method of making sense of it by in essence creating a quasi-static lie we call…”reality”. All studies in physics then are attempts to break down this lie and dismantle those mechanisms designed to keep everything from appearing too complicated. By deciphering it, we are in a sense re-complicating reality!
From a certain point of view, the particles within quantum theory become points of reference or even conflict with other points of reference and produce seemingly strange results. Expanding matrix theory delves into how particles and reality coalesce out of a non-particle matrix. Also, whereas quantum theory tends to take the stance that space is real but time is not. EMT takes the inverse stance. Space becomes a function of delay. The greater the delay, the more space is assumed to exist in that interval (unless it can be physically measured as matter). This delay question is more complex then it appears. EMT states that the universal a priori mechanism is energy accretion. This means that there is always more energy in the present moment than there ever was in the past, therefore there is always an energy differentiation moment to moment. This differentiation is the origin of time. Our sense of space then becomes a secondary derivation of this delay. To see how space is a function of time, see: Perspective and the Arrow of Time
Quantum theory only has suggestions for what happens behind or beyond the quantum world. EMT using a geometrical interpretation based on a time-field model attempts to explain what is behind this curtain. I personally believe that EMT gives a fairly accurate idea of what is really happening via this matrix but concede that our minds play an important role in conditioning the way we perceive the (physical) world around us. Our interaction with the world around us is for the most part via a four dimensional geometry, that is to say the three physical dimensions and time. A dichotomy emerges resulting from the fact that expanding matrix theory is a temporal-geometric theory that can only be verified at this point by measurements made via the spatial elements. However, as the reader shall see, these measurements seem to agree.
EMT uses observational language that we are used to; volume, surface, space, weight. The first reaction of some might be to minimize the value of such an approach, however it behooves us to ask what is the most direct relation that we have to reality? Is it not these elements? EMT can be described as an “observational theory”. Anyone who studies the precepts of the theory will discern how deeply observation is embedded within it. The observer is also intrinsically imposed into quantum theory. With that in mind, it shouldn’t be much of an effort to accept a provisional bridging of the two concepts for the purpose of a heuristic analysis.
Not a Simulation Hypothesis
The fact that our brains have organized centers that process external stimuli giving the information derived therefrom certain distinct interpretations opens the door to the concept that our reality are simulations of reality. The fact is though, the external stimuli truly exists. Our senses and brains are collecting the data and our mind organizes it to make sense of it, which results in our sense of reality. So, the one thing that should be clarified is that expanding matrix theory is not a simulation hypothesis. Recent sci-fi books and movies feature such scenarios where computer simulations merge with human minds to create a parallel version of reality. I find such movies as “The Matrix” very entertaining, but expanding matrix theory is a serious attempt to probe the depths of reality. The one similarity is that our brain/mind system might create smooth transitions for what otherwise might be confusing stimuli. Our sense of color for example has no resemblance to the variation in light wavelength that causes it. Could our mind for example also create an enhanced impression of reality for distance and space the way it does for color? The one thing that our mind seems to default to in altering reality is beauty…perhaps even for animals.
As one can see from the foregoing, the idea emerges that the total energy in the cosmos is increasing but according to the principals of special relativity, where an increasing velocity is not noticed because of time dilation and other effects. This in turn leads to the idea that the quantum system may actually be a system whose primary function is metering the augmentation and transmission of this energy and not recycling it as most current theories contend. This might seem to be an assault on the conservation of energy principal but is not necessarily so if one examines it within the context of special relativity and EMT.
EMT may eventually emerge as a macro-theory into which everything can be united into a dynamic whole, explaining such divergent elements as visual and real perspective, zero point energy and gravitation. As described in: Correspondence of WMAP Readings with EMT, less than 4% of the energy in our universe comprises what we know as real matter with most of the energy being hidden in controversial space-like states. Energy differentials between all parts of the transforming fields are revealed here as the source of the dynamics that drive reality. These act as both conduits and reservoirs for incoming energy and this incoming energy is what drives the expansion of the matrix.
The next section: “Perspective and the Arrow of Time” delves more deeply into why objects appear to recede in size with distance and how our concept of space is temporally dependent.