illiad2Confirmations of the existence of dark matter, dark energy and the accelerating universe have altered the tenor of physical cosmology. Expanding matrix theory has since 1984 predicted an accelerating universe more or less as it appears with some remarkable parallel correlations related to the more recently discovered values for dark matter and dark energy, see; WMAP.

Gravitational Waves

Gravitational waves have garnered much attention recently, being headlined as “ripples in the fabric of spacetime”. The significance of this is the confirmation that spacetime itself is a physically ductile field property of reality. If one accepts this as fact, then applies a bit more rational thought to the matter, they should be able to draw the conclusion that visual perspective must be a manifestation of at least some aspect of this same “spacetime”. But how…?

Go directly to core proofs for the theory, by reading the pages: “Spatial Perspective and the Arrow of Time”, and; “Visual Perspective and the Curving of Straight Lines”.


Key elements of expanding matrix theory were originally conceived under the heading of “dynamic asymmetry”. Both names could be applicable as a descriptive title but I settled on “expanding matrix theory” because it brings readers to a quicker realization of what the theory is about. In fact as the reader might discern from the term “expanding matrix”, the concept of an accelerating universe is a natural progression of the internal logic upon which the theory is based.


A philosophical precept that has been around for some time, often under different names, is that of emergence . It is now however, gaining ground among many scientists as a basis for critical thought regarding the origin of the physical world. In some of its most extreme variations, it questions the idea of forces as being absolutes. Emergence develops the suggestion that the universe is always emerging via some unknown connection between all its constituents, that is to say; “happening”, as a prerequisite of its origin, as well as the ongoing existence of all components. Expanding matrix theory could be classified as a super-emergent theory, not in the sense that it is superior to the conventional description but because of an additional component of ongoing change that does not seem to be evident in the conventional description. This additional component is based in the simple axiom; that the universe at one time did not exist…but now it does…so something integral is causing that!

I have recently come to appreciate that this version of emergence may perhaps be the most compelling characteristic of expanding matrix theory, in that the theory already embodies that concept without having to splice it in or integrate it as an afterthought. One might concur that the very notion of our universe as an expanding matrix exemplifies the concept of emergence. A study of Visual Perspective within the context of EMT is a good basis for cultivating such appreciation.

A fundamental hypothesis for the origins of the expanding matrix can be found under the heading: Space(s) and Time in EMT. As you delve deeper into the theory, I am confident you will come to appreciate how the quantum world and reality may emerge from such a single over-arching quality of the macro-system.

An oft repeated theme in expanding matrix theory is that; if everything in the universe has come into existence, then “coming into existence” must represent some fundamental dynamic truth about the origin of everything and that there should be no reason to assume that such a quality would have ceased to exist. Without such, both you and I existing in this universe would make no sense. Expanding matrix theory describes how this principal is always operating in the background and is readily discernible via visual and spatial perspective.

Expanding Matrix Theory is a Theory About Space

How does an artist end up creating a physics theory about empty space? I assure you, it was not a deliberate pursuit on my part. As a young artist, I discerned that I was a more natural sculptor than a painter. However, I found the phenomenon of visual perspective intriguing. The distortions that space imposes on any object immersed in it were always an amazing mystery to me and I found myself drawn towards painting and two-dimensional interpretations of three-dimensional space. It’s not that I started out to solve any mysteries regarding space, but a series of articles about Einstein’s theory of relativity put me on the track to thinking of space as a dynamic energy field. He described space-time as the gravitational field. This struck a note with me, as by this time I’d become convinced that some dynamic element was at work producing visual perspective. One of these same articles mentioned his belief that all physics could be reduced down to a single unified theory. Painting pictures day after day year after year, kept the issues front and foremost in my mind as I tried to create boundaries of logic around the questions that were created regarding empty space. Conclusions often led to dead-ends, or just “hung in the air”. Some however, turned out later to have merit when I revisited them after developing the fundamentals of EMT. I have never considered myself to be much of a mathematician but that math which I have felt obligated to apply has proven flawless in supporting the theory. The beauty of the process is that I now feel confident I understand the mysteries of what both space and visual perspective are and that such provide basis for what the rest of physical reality is.

Artists, Physicists, Space and Reality

balls-sl2As the reader will now have discerned, a large part of this treatise is about empty space. Most people find the idea of conducting a study of empty space a bit bewildering. Apart from mystics and madmen, the only people who profess any interest in it are physicists and artists. Physicists are interested in space because the forces, which govern reality, are assumed to propagate through space. According to Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity, an entity embodying both space and time exists for us as the gravitational field (see: Einstein’s Theory). Therefore, understanding space is an integral part of understanding physics.

Visual artists (sculptors, painters and draftsmen) on the other hand have their own reasons for studying space. These usually have nothing to do with those reasons physicists are preoccupied with space. Painters (draftsmen, graphic artists included) and sculptors have an interest in the form of objects as they exist in space. Their interest is usually filtered through the human senses within the context of the study of aesthetics. The sculptor’s interest is tactile, whereas the painter and draughtsman is primarily interested first, in how three-dimensional space can be interpreted in two dimensions and second, how to embed this interpretation in the most pleasing way onto a two dimensional surface.

I encourage the reader to to give their most careful consideration to the pages entitled: “Spatial Perspective and the Arrow of Time” and “Visual Perspective and the Curving of Straight Lines”.  Succinctly delineating these issues presents a formidable task, in that most people have never even considered them nor noticed the ambiguities regarding visual perspective. So, I am tasked with first showing the reader that there are issues, then with explaining the solution. I’ve always found this transition difficult. The pivotal elements for the entire theory are embodied within this scope, so I hope the reader will try to grasp what is being explained and hold on to the idea that those mysterious “perspective curvatures” can only exist, because we exist in an expanding matrix and that once the mathematics is applied as a  function of time, the curvatures AND visual perspective become equitable.

Writing about Reality Vs Actuality

The main area of difficulty in preparing this work, has been to extract ambiguities from the text. Much of this problem has centered around two terminologies that need to be used extensively; reality and actuality. These are commonly viewed as synonyms, however in this treatise, they have parallel but different meanings to the point that some elements found within the envelope of each category may appear at times as antonyms.

The focus of EMT is to dismantle reality, then reconstruct it in order to reveal how and why it appears the way it does. This peek behind the surface manifestation of reality is referred to here as the actuality. From the point of view of EMT, visual reality is an illusion delivered to us by light…but I’m quick to point out that it’s a real illusion. That is to say, all forces and observations function, as they should according to the fact that we also are a real part of that illusion. I say it this way not because I have doubts that we really exist (I don’t believe we are illusions), but because our existence hinges upon the transformations of dynamic energy within a wave front we know as time. The gist is that we, along with everything else in the universe fluctuate…then re-exist with every micro-oscillation of the matrix-field. The passing of the moment is proof that this wave front is still moving forward (and always will).

Total energy is so immense and moving so fast, it is difficult to fathom the degree of order it maintains. What is perhaps even more amazing is the formation of what appears to be solid matter and space within this matrix (the matter is truly solid and the space really seems to be there). The dichotomy of EMT is that while it seems at first glance to advocate a wild, unrestrained explosion of energy that portends a precarious existence for our universe, once one understands it, a constant, enduring cosmos emerges that is far more stable than what is perceived within any other prevailing or traditional theory.

Another unique quality of EMT is that it produces an unequivocal arrow of time. This has been a much-debated topic for decades in both physical cosmology and quantum theory. EMT produces a clean, concise identity for the arrow that infers non-reversibility. It’s this same quality that makes it move both outwards as expansion, as well as inwards in the form of a dampening, back-pressure that has significance regarding the question of entropy.

At the level of physical cosmology, the laws of gravity appear as well as the manifestations of dark energy and dark matter. see: physical cosmology

Creating this Review Area

Another challenge in creating this site has been in deciding which information to highlight first and the order in which to present it. The ideal would be to have two separate areas, one for academics and one for the general public, however because it represents such a new and esoteric approach to the subject, I came to realize that many academics would avoid it by personal choice or simply because of those time constraints that confine people to their daily routine. And…in order to bridge EMT to each of these narrowly specialized areas, I would have to be competent in all of them, which I am not. I’ve also come to realize that physics is not as homogeneous a system of beliefs as I had one time assumed but is dominated by a broad range of opinion. This made the decision easy for me. It helped me appreciate that my grasp of EMT is unique and that as an overarching theory, does not really conflict with any existing theories except in details which are often already in contention.

About the Material Presented Here

Most of what is presented here are re-edits (improvements) of papers written since 1984, often under different titles. One of the really powerful functions that the Internet presents as an information tool is the facility of re-editing. To this end, I am retaining the option to re-edit the pages and articles herein for the purposes of accuracy and clarity. Towards this end, I encourage all to express any difficulties in comprehension with specific parts or expressions used. If you think I have misrepresented any external information, please present your corrections.

Surface; The Origin of Our Reality

The area of greatest complexity starts at what we perceive as surface reality and proceeds inwards to the quantum system and outwards into physical cosmology. Surface-reality is the epicenter of our sense of being and everything emanates outwards from there. We as physical, sentient beings tend to prefer keeping our reality at arm’s length. When something touches our eyeball, we tend to get squeamish and push it away. (As the reader begins to perceive what this means within the context of the theory, he will be over the hump in understanding it).

Future of Expanding Matrix Theory

Among those academics, of whom I’ve had the opportunity to thoroughly explain the internal logic leading up to the stated conclusions, all have agreed that the logic is sound. Reasons for not supporting the theory have fallen into two categories. First, that it is not their area of expertise, which of course it won’t be because it is a new theory with few roots in any current theories. Second, because there is a scarcity of math to bridge it with current theories. This is true with notable exceptions of those parts relating to visual (spatial) perspective and the WMAP data. Third, is that the nature of the study requires crossing over into a quasi-metaphysical realm but this should not represent a problem to any serious physicist these days, as new and perplexing discoveries are forcing even the most reserved scientists to venture into new realms of thought. As the reader will discern though, I have not ventured into any area that does not have a solid basis in pure logic. There is only one region of thought where I was forced to choose one of two options because there is no evidence of any options.

A large part of the premise of EMT looks at the origin of gravity. In doing so, a model has emerged that is a bit different from the currently held views. This is reviewed under the chapter entitled “Gravity Simulation” and will be considered in more depth in future articles. Because the theory requires a slight shift in the view of what gravitation is, a practical example of how we might look at our own Earth – Moon – Sun orbital geometry is given a purview in “Hidden Orbital Configurations”.

So far attempts to move EMT towards mainstream physics have been disappointing but that is to be expected. With the exception of relativity, few major changes in thought have ever transitioned to general acceptance quickly. Few people are aware of any transformation space as herein described. Apart from the obvious controversial elements of the theory, the fact that it flies in the face of a popular view that time does not truly exist (to the inclusion of space), means EMT will have its problems. There are however, some positive developments in this area, in that some theorists are now calling into question the exclusion of time as a quality of physical reality.

I am confident though that once some of the early hurdles are overcome, the point of view will emerge as to why the concept of an expanding matrix wasn’t embraced earlier. Trying to exercise patience, I have since 1984 been submitting papers on different elements of the theory for the purpose of documenting authorship.

What Else to Do?

One can see several lifetimes of work involved in sorting the details out. I suspect however, that an army of theorists working on quantum theory over the past century has already sorted out most of what needs to be done in the language of quantum theory. It will be left, to bridge it with EMT.

While revising older notes, I’m writing new thoughts and observations for future chapters. A side-blog is contemplated, where individuals who have a special interest in the theory can contribute with their input. More expertise will assist me in corralling my own errors and misconceptions and avoid wasting time pursuing dead-ends. If you are among those who might assist, please send a brief note headed “EMT Blog” and when it is ready, I will add you to the participants list. I really do appreciate anyone who takes an interest in the theory and welcome any such input. If pertinent to this discussion, authorship will be recognized and it will be included on its own page.

Need for a Glossary

New avenues of thought alter the meanings of existing words and hence necessitate caveats to these meanings, or the production of new expressions in order to promote comprehension. Terminologies particularly difficult to pin down are those where conventional word-meanings must be changed to fit the new paradigm. Although I hope most terms are self-explanatory within their respective contexts, it seems sensible that a glossary of standard and newly coined terminologies would be eventually created.

Thank you.

The Author



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